Tuesday, September 03, 2013

King Solomon’s Mines, After All

A new study by a team from Tel Aviv University concludes that the copper mines at Timna, near Eilat, were in operation during the reign of Solomon. The new dating is based upon Carbon-14 studies which shift the peak of copper production down three centuries from the 13th century to the 10th.

Because of close similarities between the mines at Timna and those at Feinan (biblical Punon) further north, the scholars believe that the Timna mines were operated by the Edomites but not by Solomon. Perhaps this is correct. Another possibility is that Solomon controlled both. The biblical texts do not identify either site as Solomonic, but the Israelite king did control territory as far south as Eilat.

1 Kings 9:26–28 (NIV) “King Solomon also built ships at Ezion Geber, which is near Elath in Edom, on the shore of the Red Sea. And Hiram sent his men—sailors who knew the sea—to serve in the fleet with Solomon’s men. They sailed to Ophir and brought back 420 talents of gold, which they delivered to King Solomon.”

During David and Solomon’s reigns, the Edomites were subject to Israel (2 Sam 8:11-14; 1 Kgs 11:14). Perhaps they operated the mines to pay the annual tribute.

If I had time, it would be interesting to go back through the literature and review the statements of those who used the absence of evidence at Timna from Solomon’s time as evidence against the biblical account. Once again we see why we should hold to the assured results of archaeological research lightly.

The full BASOR journal article is online as is a summary in Haaretz. A video from this year’s excavations is posted at YouTube.

HT: Joseph Lauer

Timna Solomon's Pillars, tb010612876

Solomon’s Pillars near the copper mines of Timna
Photo from Negev and the Wilderness

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1 Comments:

  • I, one who accepts Finkelstein's Low Chronology, already knew of some of the C-14 dates from p. 104 of http://www.academia.edu/222832/John_J._Bimson_and_Juan_Manuel_Tebes_Timna_Revisited_Egyptian_Chronology_and_the_Copper_Mines_of_the_Southern_Arabah._Antiguo_Oriente_7_2009_75-118
    For why I found the radiocarbon dates surprising, but not completely nonsensical, when I first saw them, see my video:
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ngvomr7ZibA
    I agree with the conclusions of the paper mentioned in this blog post, except with the statement that the results "challenge the previous chronological framework of the copper production activities in the southern Arabah Valley" -they don't.

    By Blogger pithom, at Tue Sep 03, 10:40:00 AM  

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